This is a guest post by JoAnne Bennett, a dear friend and mentor. She was kind enough to provide the following post and I’m so glad she did.
We will use the time line for the facts which must be memorized for that unit. As we do an overview to introduce the unit, I emphasize that these are the most important events. We will add other significant events as they are discovered and discuss their relation to the major events.
We usually draw separate time lines for political events and for spiritual developments during that period of history. For literature, we will do one for the author’s life time and another for the setting of the story or the main character’s life.
The applications for time lines are numerous. Perhaps the most indispensable is to show relationships between events. One method is to use parallel time lines on the same page to show cause and effect. You can then draw arrows from one line to the other to dramatize the relationship. For example, make a line for a Washington’s life and one for the historical events of that time. Note how the events around the man affected his attitudes and
accomplishments. If he responded positively, the events could cause him to rise to greatness. Point out that in every crisis God raises up a man to meet the needs of His people.
Another way to use parallel time lines is to color code specific periods or events. When we studied the Middle Ages, we designated historic events on the basic time line. Then we entered the periods of art and architecture as colored parallel lines: Byzantine was blue, Romanesque was red, and Gothic was yellow. It was easy to see the political turmoil of the fifth and sixth centuries in Europe had a relationship to the simplicity of art and the elaborate adornment of the Gothic developed as prosperity came to the nobility through the feudal system.
Time lines give order and perspective to the events we study. When we look at the “coon skin cap” and the “whale” stuck to our time line, it would be simple for even small children to reason that the time span is too wide for Jonah together. Notice also how the important events get closer and closer together until, by the end, labels and pictures will overlap. God is certainly moving faster as we near the end of “the days of man.”
Another use of time lines is for periodic review. No matter what time period we are studying, I will occasionally call for a “pop test” of U.S. history. This is based on a time line we did which includes crucial developments such as Columbus in 1492, Pilgrims in 1620, Revolution in 1776, Civil War in 1860′s, World War I & II, etc. When we hear some news story which compares an event to the Great Depression, I want my children to be able to tie that to something concrete in their minds. Having them draw a time line to recall those facts has been the most efficient use of our time. It is much faster than writing an essay question or having mother devise a fill-in-the-blanks test — and it is quicker to grade.
GO FORTH AND DRAW TIME LINES
Take the ideas I have presented and personalize them. Improvise! Improve! See how many varieties you can use! I believe you will agree it is one of the handiest tools in your “teacher’s bag.”
JoAnne Bennett is a seasoned Biblical Principle Approach mom. She has two grown children and three grandchildren, with one more due to arrive in June 2009. Since raising her own children, she teaches and mentors other home educators. Her internalization of Biblical Principles and application of a BPA philosophy makes her an important resource for home educating moms. You can find out more about her at her Web site, Academic Advantages.